According to empirical data for the recent years, between 2014 and 2017, De Gruyter, via its erstwhile imprint De Gruyter Open, has become the second most important publisher of Open Access journals globally.
A Blog Article by Pablo Markin.
In her research article published as a pre-print on June 15, 2018 at the open archive HAL, as part of a multi-year research project on scholarly knowledge commons and Open Access transitions, Heather Morrison has presented results of her longitudinal study on the global Open Access publishing market. Morrison has utilized extensive metadata datasets derived from the Directory of Open Access Journals and other sources for the period between 2010 and 2017. Her data for the year 2017 comprises information concerning 14,086 journals.
As Morrison’s findings indicate for the year 2017, the absolute majority of Open Access publishers are small-scale. 82% of Open Access publishers publish one journal only, 16% of publishers have between 2 and 9 journals, and solely 2% of publishers publish more than 10 journals. Between 2014 and 2017, Springer Nature, across its Springer, BioMedCentral and Nature outlets, has increased the number of journals listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals from 341 to 614. In the same period, the number of journal titles of De Gruyter Open recorded in the Directory of Open Access Journals has risen spectacularly from 2 to 454.
This reflects a more general trend of the growth in Open Access journal portfolios among large-scale publishers in the period 2014-2017. Since this growth took place via acquisitions, such as of BioMedCentral by Springer in 2008, it can be argued that in 2017, as an imprint, De Gruyter Open, formerly Versita, had the largest number of Open Access journal titles, given that in the same year Elsevier was found to have 415 titles, Wolters Kluwer Medknow 378 journal titles and BioMedCentral 306 Open Access journals.
Since De Gruyter acquired Versita in 2012, to incorporate it into the De Gruyter Open imprint in 2014, it can be suggested that the acquisitions strategy, also demonstrated by other plyers in the Open Access market in recent years, has allowed this publisher to build a publishing imprint with the largest number of Open Access titles around the world by 2017.
By Pablo Markin
Featured Image Credits: Knowledge Commons, February 2, 2012 | © Courtesy of Teaching and Learning with Technology/Flickr.