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Open Science Continues to Evolve as Preprint Repositories for Specialized Fields of Scientific Inquiry Multiply

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Arctic Sea Ice, September 16, 2011 | © Courtesy of NASA/Kathryn Hansen and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.

As Earth and Space Science Open Archive (ESSOAr) is inaugurated, open peer feedback to, rapid research output sharing of and digital object identifiers (DOIs) for pre-prints indicate a growing acceptance for Open Access in science.

A Blog Article by Pablo Markin.


On September 24, 2017, American Geophysical Union and Atypon have announced the launch of their ESSOAr initiative for the Open Access dissemination of earth and space science findings on a community-maintained preprint and conference presentation server. Similar to scholarly journals, this initiative will sport scientific community involvement, an international advisory board, and associations with scientific societies in the fields of earth and space sciences. Furthermore, this initiative receives its initial support from Wiley, one the world’s largest journal publishers. As a partner to this project, Atypon that provides hosted software-as-a-service publishing solutions to academic presses, societies and journals, such as Oxford University Press, will be developing this Open Access initiative on the basis of Literatum, its e-publishing platform for the monetization of online content usually geared to enterprise solutions and commercialization needs. Among the notable clients of Atypon are Elsevier, SAGE Publications and Taylor & Francis Group.

Additionally, as an Open Access publishing initiative slated to start its full operation in 2018, ESSOAr expands the definition of a scientific manuscript by allowing for the archiving of elaborate conference presentations, posters and multimedia materials. This development corroborates the point that Sönke Bartling and Sascha Friesike make in their introduction to OpeningScience book published by SpringerOpen in 2014. In their book chapter entitled “Towards Another Scientific Revolution,” Bartling and Friesike, possibly bombastically, claim that the adoption of the principles of Open Access by the scientific community is likely to amount to a revolution in the manner in which contemporary science operates. Namely, these authors credit publication in Open Access, which they term as Open Science, as a likely trigger for a far-reaching change in the manner in which scientific knowledge is disseminated. Among the harbingers of this transformation that Bartling and Friesike mention is ResearchGate, an online community for scholars, scientists and researchers, where publications, ideas and data can be discussed and researched.

More relevantly to ESSOAr, Bartling and Friesike state that in the traditional scientific publishing model a significant amount of scientific ideas, scholarly knowledge and research results are lost as publication manuscripts progress through their evaluation stages to their eventual publicatioin in scientific journals. By contrast, Open Access publication formats can accommodate academic blogs, microblogging channels, discussion forums and wikis as avenues where the scientific community can deternine the validity of research results before and after their formal publication.

Likewise, ESSOAr will serve as an Open Access repository for non-article-format materials, such as conference posters, because over 50,000 posters in the field of earth and space science are presented yearly and would be lost to the scientific community without this initiative.

By Pablo Markin


Featured Image Credits: Arctic Sea Ice, September 16, 2011 | © Courtesy of NASA/Kathryn Hansen and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.

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