On Wednesday I shared with you the very important news about the introduction of a comprehensive Open Access policy at UC. Implementation of mandatory OA policies in the US can be considered as some kind of positive trend. But this trend does not only concern US universities as it also occurs in other regions of the world, like New Zealand, for example.
One of the most telling signs of the development of open access is the introduction and promotion of OA policies by universities and institutions worldwide. Mandatory Open Access can be regarded as a positive or negative phenomena (see article: Does mandatory policy help Open Access?), but it does not change the fact that every year more and more institutions adopt policies of this kind. Recently, the University of California decided to join this group.
How to disseminate Open Access? How to convince scholars, universities and research institutions that OA may help in the development of science? These questions are a never-ending topic of discussion in the scientific community. There are also many answers to these questions, and one of them is a mandatory OA policy for scientists, established by a government or university. However, the question is: does it really work?
Green OA or Gold OA? The advantages and disadvantages of either model remains a never-ending topic of discussion. Both sides of the dispute have valid arguments and motivations, which makes it difficult to determine whether this debate has a chance of ever reaching a definite conclusion. Yet in its present form, Open Access continues to rely on both models. However, the success of Green Open Access may harm the interests of at least one group involved in the publishing of scientific papers: the publishers. Although forced to adjust to the new reality in which research results are shared on the […]
With the spread of Open Access in the scientific community, now universities, institutions and sometimes even governments introduce special policies to standardize the process of sharing and publishing research results in an open and free-of-charge way. Over the past few years, dozens of universities have introduced OA policies and have opened special funds for publishing in this model. Oregon State University did the same thing recently.
Mandating Open Access is one of the most efficient ways to introduce and implement this publishing model in science. Despite the opinion that it may violate the freedom of scientific research, without official policies introduced by governments and backed up by the state funding, Open Access will not be able to develop. We can observe even now that governments are moving in that direction in Australia or the UK. Moreover, a good climate for Open Access has been also created in the US (see: White House Delivers New Open Access Policy), which is shown by the recent initiative in California.